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Issue 3/2015

Okładka pierwszego numeru czasopisma Psychologia Społeczna

 

Adjective markers of Polish indigenous lexical personality factors: 
A self-rating study

Oleg Gorbaniuk, Ewelina Włodarska


Abstract
The aim of the study was (1) to develop a short adjective scale to measure the Big Six Polish lexical personality factors, (2) to determine the extent to which Five-Factor Model of personality by Costa and McCrae reflects the Polish lexicon used to describe personality, and (3) to establish some of their psychological correlates (self-esteem, social desirability) and demographic correlates (gender, age, education, etc.), relevant from the theoretical and methodological point of view. The study involved 283 people aged 16 to 83 years (M = 37.51 years, SD = 14.38 years), 47.8% were male and 52.2% - women. The results allowed us to develop a 60-adjective list with very good psychometric indices, in terms of its internal congruity and stability, a low correlation between the scales and moderate sensitivity to social desirability comparable to the NEO-FFI. We established that Five-Factor Model of personality is largely convergent with the basic dimensions of Polish lexicon of personality in terms of Conscientiousness and Extraversion, significantly coincides with the Emotional Instability, while in the case of Agreeableness and Openness to Experience likeness is average. Despite the minor differences, the general psychological and demographic correlates of self-rating with a list of adjective measuring the Big Six and NEO-FFI are similar, which indirectly proves that the two models essentially refer to the same psychological reality.

Key words: self-rating, Big Five, psycho-lexical approach, Five-Factor Model, NEO-FFI, self-esteem, social desirability

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