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Issue 1/2014

Okładka pierwszego numeru czasopisma Psychologia Społeczna

 

Zero-sum game belief as a social axiom: A 37- nation study


Joanna Różycka-Tran, Paweł Boski, Bogdan Wojciszke





Abstract
Numerous studies carried out on Polish samples revealed that the belief that life is a zero-sum game i.e., that social relations have an antagonistic nature, is associated with the range of negative social consequence. This paper introduces the concept of zero-sum game belief within a new cross-cultural paradigm, which presents it as a universal social axiom. In order to prove its universality we conducted a study on student samples from 37 countries (N = 6138), analyzing data on individual and cultural levels. The zero-sum game belief was associated with other cultural dimensions, revealed a conceptual and empirical affinity to social and societal cynicism, and correlated with objective socio-economic indices. Thus, the zero-sum game belief seems to be a new cultural dimension.

Keywords: zero-sum game belief, social axioms, cross-cultural psychology

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