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Issue 1/2006

Okładka pierwszego numeru czasopisma Psychologia Społeczna

 

The agent vs. recipient perspective in perceiving self and others

Bogdan Wojciszke
Institute of Psychology, Polish Academy of Sciences
Warsaw School of Social Psychology
Wiesław Baryła
Institute of Psychology
Gdańsk University
     
Abstract
We present a model of social perception based on three assumptions: (1) Most actions may be viewed from divergent perspectives of agent vs. recipient, (2) People perceive themselves and others in a way that maximizes their interests and this is done differently in each of the two perspectives, (3) There are two broad dimensions of content in person perception - agency and communion. These assumptions allowed the formulation of 12 hypotheses on how perspective influences: (a) the concern with agentic vs. communal contents in person perception and attitude formation, (b) relations between perceived interests and agentic vs. communal contents, and (c) relations between using agentic vs. communal contents and behavioral pursuit of various interests. Empirical support for these hypotheses is discussed.

Key words: Social perception, actors, observers, agency, communion

© 2005 Polskie Stowarzyszenie Psychologii Społecznej
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